Case reports on novel diagnostics approaches

There are some new diagnostics methods which are uses by the doctors to treat the cancer they are as follow Linear Accelerators This technology is the platform for IMRT and IGRT, permits specialists to deposit variable amounts of radiation in a highly controlled fashion. The Linear Accelerator treatment machine uses a computerized tool to shape the radiation beam in unity with the improved treatment plan. The implement can constantly move to change both the shape and intensity of the beam to fit each patient and each tumor size and form. IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy) Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy offers potential benefits for the treatment of many cancer types. The technology enables radiation oncologists to bombard cancer cells with higher doses of radiation than those previously delivered, while keeping exposure to the normal tissue at a minimum. IGRT (Image Guided Radiation Therapy) Image Guided Radiation Therapy provides a unique treatment advantage: it has the potential to achieve both unparalleled tumor control and normal tissue sparing. The radiation beam can be shaped to match the dimensions of a tumor and a high dose of radiation can be delivered to a malignancy without harming surrounding normal tissue. Tumors can move, both during a radiation treatment session and from one treatment session to another, as a result of normal internal organ action (digestion, elimination, and breathing) and small differences in the way the patient is positioned for treatment. Three-Dimensional conformal Radiation Therapy Using the wide-boar CT simulator, a device that allows physicians to perform three-dimensional mapping for precision and pinpoint targeting of tumors, radiation oncologists can perform simulations with much greater speed (15-30 minutes vs. 1-3 hours needed for conventional simulation), and much greater comfort for the patient. High-Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy Another means of delivering concentrated doses directly to the tumor site without affecting adjacent tissues and organs, this method utilizes a catheter as the means for the radioactive source to travel to the site.

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