Reports on Differential Diagnosis methods
Diagnostic testing involves tests and procedures to confirm the presence of disease and identify the correct tumor type, location, extent and stage. There are many types of the diagnosis methods they are as follows: Biopsy, Endoscopy, Pap test, Imaging studies. Biopsy is a test where a small sample of tissue is taken from the suspected cancer with the help of a fine tipped needle. The tissues are then examined under a microscope for the presence of cancer cells. Endoscopy In this imaging technique a tinny, flexible tube with a tiny camera on the end is inserted into the body cavities. This allows the doctors to view the suspicious area. There are many types of scopes, each designed to view particular areas of the body. Pap test Pap test (Pap smear) is a routine test where a sample of cells from a woman’s cervix is examined under the microscope. This helps identify changes in the cells that could indicate cervical cancer or other conditions. Imaging studies There are several imaging techniques. These include X rays, CT scans, MRI scans of various parts of the body. X-rays are the most common imaging techniques and they may be made more specific by using a Barious enema. This is used for detection of stomach and small intestinal growths and cancers. Mammogram is an X-ray of the breasts used to screen for and/or detect breast lumps and growths. A CAT scan (computerized axial tomography) uses radiographic beams to create detailed computerized pictures. It is more precise than a standard X-ray.